Tinnitus is a condition when there is a ringing or a buzzing sound in one or both the ears. The sound may be continuous or can occur in intervals. Patients suffering from tinnitus experience a wide range of sounds in their ears. Tinnitus is of two types’ objective tinnitus and subjective tinnitus. Objective tinnitus is when the buzzing sound is not only limited within the patients ears but can be heard by those around him. Subjective tinnitus is when only the play can hear the buzzing sound inside his ear. Subjective tinnitus is the most common form of tinnitus. Severe cases of tinnitus can be extremely disturbing and the patient may lose his concentration and have a disturbed sleep.
The common symptom of tinnitus is that the patient experiences a buzzing, hissing and ringing sound inside his/her ear. Sometimes this buzzing sound tallies with the heartbeat. If the patient is simultaneously suffering from tinnitus and meniere disease that along with the buzzing sound he/her might experience dizziness and hearing loss.
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Tinnitus is caused due to the damage of the hearing never that is present in the inner ear. The damage can be either caused due to frequent exposure to loud noise or due to aging. Subjective tinnitus is caused due to formation of wax in the ear canal whereas objective tinnitus is caused due circulatory problems or some tumor in the blood vessel. Tinnitus can also be a symptom for otosclerosis. Conditions like allergy, high or low blood pressure, diabetes, neck injury, head injury may also cause tinnitus. Sedatives, antidepressants, aspirin can also cause tinnitus.
There is no specific treatment to cure tinnitus, however it is recommended that patients reduce their stress level and breathe deeply. Applying 20 to 40 mg of maidenhair tree extract or ginkgo biloba into the ears four to six weeks will dilate the blood vessels and increase blood flow to the ears.
It is also recommended that patients avoid saturated fats, dairy products, sugar, salt, processed foods etc as these can aggravate the condition. Coffee, tea, sweet food and refined alcohol should be avoided as these can lower blood sugar which can lead to tinnitus. Fresh and raw fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet. Protein intake should increase. Vitamin A, B, E, zinc and choline should also be included in the diet.
Blood pressure should be controlled and smoking and alcohol should be avoided to improve blood circulation.