Thyroid glands situate in the neck region and the cartilage also seen as the Adam’s apple helps produce thyroid hormones which regulate the body’s energies. These hormones regulate how fast the body uses up its energy, synthesizes proteins and controls the body’s sensitivity to other hormones. The thyroid hormones also help regulate the metabolism and the functioning of many vital systems of the body.
Abnormalities of the thyroid gland may lead to underproduction of the thyroid hormones and such a condition is known as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid produces excess thyroid hormones and hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland process less thyroid hormones.
In hypothyroidism the patient experiences constipation, jaundice, poor growth, fatigue, lack of concentration, carpel tunnel syndrome, weight gain, loss of hair, dry skin and loss of appetite. Patients may also experience depression and lack of menstrual periods.
In hyperthyroidism patients might experience decrease in intellectual abilities, insomnia, nervousness, behavior problems, feel hold in cold temperatures, increased frequency of bowel movements, excessive sweating, weight loss and pain in joints.
Causes of thyroid include:
- For hypothyroidism – Loss of tissue, autoimmune disease, presence of anti-thyroid antibodies, congenital defects, certain strong medications and inability of the thyroid gland to produce the right amount of hormones.
- For hyperthyroidism – Toxic goiter caused due to deficiency of sodium, grave’s disease, inflammation of thyroid, medications and pituitary adenoma.
Home remedies to cure thyroid include cleansing the internal system. A good diet along with rest and relaxation will help treat thyroid. For five nights a week wear a narrow compress on the waist and the neck, this is vital in helping balance the metabolism and appetite. Avoid all types of physical exertion and stress.
Diet should include plenty of fresh fruits and green vegetable. Avoid coffee, tea, soft drink and other beverages. Oil, fleshy food, sugars and refined flours should be avoided as well.
Whole meal such as cereals and grains and potatoes should be included in diet. All pulses, beans and cheese should also be included as they are rich in starch. Avoid smoking as it can worsen the thyroid problem.